This is continuation of previous blog post (OEB notes) but since I have a lot of notes from this session, this deserves separate post.
These are my own personal notes. They were not authorized whatsoever and most probably are both factually inaccurate and slightly different from what speakers said.
GRPR is abbreviated as RODO in Poland. Also often called RODOS.
- GDPR stands for General Data Protection Regulation;
- It will be enforceable fully and directly from 25 V 2017;
- It applies directly to all UE institutions (no need for local parlaments to implement it);
- Previous regulations were passed in ~1995, and needed to be implemented, and was implemented differently --- hence many of the Tech companies have locathin there (this and lax tax rules, apparantly)
What will change (or not):
- Some possiblility for maneouver --- member states can have different legislation.
- You'll need to check local laws nevertheless.
- Possibly RODO might contratict some local laws passed in accordance with the previous directive.
- GDPR focuses on "informed consent" (as previous legislation). If it was up to me (JB) I would just plainly forbid selling PI.
- Dramatic sanctions up to 20M$ and/or total yearly turnover. Enough to topple big players.
- Any information that might lead to identification of a persion with "reasonable steps" (NOTE: This is about the same as currently in Poland. Another note: Example of "unreasonable step" breaking current state-of-the-art cryptography).
- Genetic and biometric data is personal data.
- Processing of PI is prohibited.
- Unless you have either informed consent
- legal reason to collect this data (e.g. you are an university and collect PI of students).
- real company interest to process it, and it doesn't contradict laws and intersdts of people you process (I'm not sure this is indeed the case --- I might have misheard)
- It applies to every EU citizen, also for companies outside of EU.
- Companies need PI officer.
- Companies (entities!) need to prove compliance
- Rules of processing
- Logs of processing;
- Ability to export data.
- Know and prove who had access to this data.
- This applies to subcontractios
- Person can ask for a copy of all personal data and or removal of all personal data
- There are mandatory breach notifications
- There are required self assesments, in case od risky operations, you need to inform controller, and mitigate all risks, if you can't you can't proceed with this operation.
General question we need to ask ourselves in education enviornment: "Is the data used wisely? Do we use it to make all important decisions"?
Children in GDPR
Children require special protection.
There are safeguards against fully automated decision making (for children?)
Processing of child data requires parent approval up to certain age. This age depends on country.
Also --- this article doesn't give us consent to store data used to establishing this relationship.
There are two uncertain/hard things:
- How can we establish parent-child relationship? We need to use "state of the art".
- Child varies from country to country? Which age should we use when French Child uses Polish service is uncertain.
Children above consent age, still can't agree to everything.
Children care about privacy, data processing rules need to be understandable by them.
GDPR is based on informed consent
Just like the old regulation
- Let me know what you are going to do;
- Keep my data secured;
- Trans-border data movements is a problem;
Big breaches mean big fines.
In education we think we need "identification" and not "privacy", this is mostly a myth.
How to prepare to GDPR
Leader of leading proctored exam company speaks.
- Process of being compliant with GDPR is difficult.
- In US privacy laws are not existent.
- They store data in EU. Student data does not leave EU.
- They have some tests on underage persons (High-School).
- They have different levels of proctored exams, from preventing printing, to full invigilation by camera, microphone, snapshot of network communication.
You need Privacy by Design:
- Contractually universities can't force students to use proctoring software, if they don't want to do it, University needs to accomodate them differently.
- PI data is stored on university system
- Videos of exam are stored on their system in encrypted form, but only the University has the decryption keys.
How to prepare for GDPR?
Identify what data you have, where it is stored and when is it deleted.
Probably backups are another matter? How to manage deletion of PI data from backups
Ask yourself: "Do you manage PI", or just collect it?
Do you have people responsible for management of PI?
Start with reading and amending your contracts;
Talk to your lawyers;
Protect employee records;
Check if your subcontractors are compliant (you can be liable for them!);
Look up your current personal data rules;
Did this US company use this process
They switched they law company to EU based one, that was specializing in RODO :)
They had problems with 72h notification rule. After you discover a breach you have 72hours to:
- Notify your controller;
- Fix the bugs that lead to breach;
- Find what data was stolen, and whose PI was affected;
- Try to find the perpetrator;
This requires an on-call team that is specializing in this kind of things.
Where to start with handling children's data
- It's not "starts on 25'th of May" kind of regulation. If you have gaping holes now, probably you are not compliant with current regulation.
- This is not something you can dump on IT guy this is mostly a managerial matter.
- There is problem with "age of consent for children"
- Using third-party programs, like: "Google Classroom" can lead you to be not-compliant.
Should data be cleaned when they leave the school
- You need a purpose to store data, if you lose the purpose you need to erease
- Schools generally need to keep records due to local laws, and this is purpose enough (but only for data that they need to keep).
- You need a purpose to give data to third party. You shouldn't give all profile data to third party developer. You shouldn't give out child photo or home address, to subcontractor without very good reason (this happens sometimes).
How can we check for compliance
- Not legally required;
- There is no certification ready (probably will be);
- There are existing certifications in Germany;
- There are a lot of ISO standards to follow;
You need to have a lot of documents for controller.
How do you know you are ready
This is hard;
You are never "compliant" this is a process.
You might be complaint but someone will steal you network traffic with hacked coffe maker and or printer.
There are some points to make here:
- Probably if something can be a dump (not connected to Internet) machine it most probably should be.
- Network separation is the king.
- Probably all data in your network needs to be encrypted, so passive attacker gets nothing (and active attacker is easier to detect!)
- Having network as only security boundary is a flawed concept.
Ask yourself: "Is your business created with privacy in mind, if not you need to change that"
Use lawyers; They can give you self-assessment.
How to start compliance preparations
- Now might be too late, this might take couple of years for some companies.
- You might go to Conroller directly, but for some reason, companies usually avoid that.
- Start with complance with courrent law.
Start with documentation:
- What kind of data do you store?
- Who is responsible?
- Do you have consents to store this data?
Can I store data for future uses
- It's difficult to use it that way.
- You need to know how will you use it.
- Collect consents!
- This kills startup idea: "Let's collect piles of data, and then figure out how to sell it".
Will anonymizing the data help
- If you collected the data legally, anonymizing will help.
- Anonymizing is hard. You might remove all PI metadata, but in one of homework essays your student will put their name --- in this case data is no longer anonymous.
- Probably you'll need consent for anonymizing and using anonymous data.
What if I provide the data in good faith and some costumer will make a breach
- You are liable according to GDPR;
- You can then sue them;
- You need to have paper trail, and be accountable;
What if someone wants to delete data, that is a part of neural network
- If it's anonymous you can keep it.
- It's hard;
- You can't ask for birthday, and hope for the best;
- Do video of child and parent, and verify facial similarity;
- You can't easily store data used for the verification, you can't use GDPR as an excuse to store compliance data.
- There are some restrictions on child targeted marketing.
How to store data that is sent by e-mail
Example: some student send's me he is dyslectic and then he needs extra time.
- Probably you need to store e-mail due to data retention reasons.
- Then you need to delete the e-mail.
- If you get "long term data" (e.g. dyslexia) you can store it in some long term system (delete when student leaves your institution).
- If you get "one shot information" from the student (he asks for extension as he is fired from work) just act on the information and don't store it.
- Keep your data on work laptop! Data shouldn't leave your systems;
- This includes e-mail forwarding;
What about data portability
What if student comes to me and says he wants a copy of all his PI?
- Good question;
- Keep data in simplest format;
Really big changes
- You might be liable for subcontractors that are non-compliant.
- You might be liable for breaches at third parties that you did provide data.
- You need to give customer full copy of his data;
- You need to remove data when he user asks for removal (unless you have legal grounds to jeep the data);
- Big fines for breaches;